Backend Frameworks for Web Development
A backend developer must have many skills. One of them is understanding how backend frameworks work. This list includes only the best frameworks (such as Spring Boot), selected based on popularity, maturity, and functionality.
A back-end developer must have many skills, as a backend developers for hire spends a lot of effort. Since there are many backend frameworks out there, let’s discuss the best ones in use today.
1. Spring Framework + Spring boot (Java)
Java is considered an “evergreen” programming language and is often used for back-end development. Spring Framework is considered one of the best Java frameworks. It was released in 2002 and today is one of the most popular backend frameworks used to build Spring-based production applications and standalone applications.
Unlike the Spring Framework, downloading Spring will simplify the task and eliminate setup and costs. Spring Framework projects such as Spring Boot, Spring Cloud Spring Security, and others provide many useful features such as caching, transaction management, configuration management, monitoring, and security.
2. Django (Python)
Django is the most popular Python framework used in web development. It is based on the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle and focuses on code reuse, which increases development speed. In addition, it is a very safe tool. Django is easy to learn and simple to use. It is one of the most popular full-featured frameworks that provide a lot of built-in functionality, such as REST API support.
4. ASP.NET core (.NET)
ASP.NET core is the successor to ASP.NET. It is a platform-independent open-source framework used to build web applications on the .NET platform.
It is considered one of the most productive backend frameworks. Essentially, it’s a combination of the ASP.NET MVC version and the ASP.NET Web API into one powerful programming unit.
5. Laravel (PHP)
PHP is one of the most used programming languages for backend development. Laravel framework is based on MVC architecture and based on PHP. It’s a beginner-friendly tool with a friendly interface, an extensive library, and great API support. Using Laravel simplifies the development of the backend in modern secure web applications, which is especially true in non-standard projects.
6. Ruby on Rails (Ruby)
Ruby on rails, commonly known as Rails, is a server-side framework based on the MVC architecture. It is suitable for beginners as it is easy to understand and learn.
Although Rails is not without flaws, it is preferred by back-end developers around the world for its ease of use.
7. Fiber Framework (Golang)
Fiber is a framework for Golang programmers. It was built on top of Fasthttp – the fastest HTTP engine for Go – with the goal of facilitating rapid development with zero memory allocation and performance capabilities.
Fiber is a simple yet extremely powerful framework. Being extremely compact, it easily integrates third-party libraries with Martini. The framework provides greater scalability while reducing the amount of overhead.
Fiber resembles Express.js and provides excellent routing support, static file serving, REST API building, flexible middleware support, a templating engine, and a low memory footprint.
8. CakePHP (PHP)
CakePHP is another PHP framework that builds on concepts from Ruby on rails, another popular backend framework.
It follows the MVC architecture and offers several useful features such as model-view-controller, front-end controller, live entry, data map, and configuration convention.
9. Flask (Python)
Flask is another Python framework that can be used for backend development. It is considered a microframework because it does not require the use of special tools and libraries. What’s more, it doesn’t have a database abstraction layer, form validation, or dependency on external sources.
Flask is easy to learn and understand as it is a lightweight framework or micro-framework. And thanks to Python, it is also very convenient to use.
10. Play (Scala)
PLAY is written in Scala and Java and is one of the most powerful web backend frameworks. It is based on the MVC architecture and offers various features such as code hot reloading, program error display, and a focus on improving developer profitability.
Moreover, it has a REST network architecture and is non-blocking.
Each of the back-end frameworks presented here is based on a specific programming language and technology stack. This means that you don’t have to learn them all – look for the one that matches your choice of language and technology stack.